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  • Pathologies

    Carpal-tunnel syndrome (cts)

      The carpal-tunnel syndrome is the most frequent neuropathy and it is due to a compression of the median nerve of the wrist in its passage through the anatomic part known as carpal-tunnel. Nervous, vascular and tendinous structures pass through this ‘tunnel’, made by the carpal bones...


    Meniscopathy

    The arthrosis of the knee or gonarthrosis is one of the more frequent degenerative pathologies. It can develop spontaneously or subsequently to articular traumas or primitive pathologies. The secondary damages to this pathology are particularly those of the meniscus and the cartilaginous ones. The place...


    Calcifications and exostosis

    With this term we mean the concretions reportable at different structural levels. Usually, with the term calcification we refer to the “free” concretions: namely, to those calcifications that don’t have any relations with the osseous structures. On the contrary, the exostosis is a concretion...


    Epicondylitis and epitrochleitise

    They are inflammatory affections that concern the lateral side (epicondylitis) and medial side (epitrochleitis) of the articulation of the elbow. Theseinflammations are often observed in golf and tennis (the epicondylitis is indicated with the term “tennis elbow”)....


    Pubalgy

    With this term, for the majority of the Authors, is defined the whole of the effects, caused by a proximal, insertionaltendinitis of the adductor muscles, even if it isn't completely right to limit this pathological event to the tendinitis. The different inflammatory processes, in fact, can sometimes...


    Pathologies of the serous bursa

    The serous bursa are those structures placed in contiguity with the tendinous insertions, appointed to the protection of the movable parts that during the movement are subjected to intense frictions. They are structures used to ease the movement between adjacent stratums of the body. Their structure...


    Osseus lesion

    They are a group of frequent pathologies in sports traumatology. Periostitis: with this term, we indicate the inflammations that involve the covering structure of the bone. Osteitis and osteochondritis: with these terms we indicate the inflammatory pathologies against the osseous structures (osteitis)...


    Lesions of the cartilage

    They are affections generally caused by a mechanism of wearing of the cartilaginous structure for a repeated pathogenic noxa. In the sports practice the lesions can even be caused by rushed post-surgical times of recovery. Chondritis: with this term we meanacute inflammations against the cartilage; Chondropathies:...


    Discopathies

    The intervertebral disc is composed by a central compartment (pulpy nucleus) and by an external one (fibrous anulus). The anulus is constituted by an internal portion with an indistinct limit with the pulpy nucleus and by an external one whose fibres constitute the fibres of Sharpei. These fibres form...


    Arthrosic pathologies

    We know that no method of cure can bring to a recovery the arthrosic forms in the different locations. It is likewise true that the arthrosic pathology is a physio-pathologic degeneration that moves through phases of acute inflammation (arthritic poussè) on which we can and we must intervene on...


    Ligamentous lesions

    In the majority of the cases, the pathology of the ligamentous apparatus involves the functionality of the articulations, getting worse with more or less important degrees of limitations of the articulations themselves. Elongation: with this term we define the effect of intense and sudden strain on...


    Articular lesions

    The articulations are actively stabilized by the muscles and passively by the tendons and ligaments. The articular lesions are usually acute lesions, even if sometimes they can be secondary to pathologies that have previously changed the articular structures in a repetitive way. Articular acute lesions...


    Tendinous lesion

    The general sport traumatology of the tendinous lesions includes, besides the acute lesions, forms with a marked invalidating chronic evolution, which are caused by an overload to which the locomotive apparatus of the athlete is subjected during the specific activity. Acute tendinous lesions include: Tendinous...


    Muscular lesion

    Muscular Lesion are very common and include: Acute direct: contusion (stupor, ecchymosis, haematoma, muscolar compression); Acute indirect: contracture, straining, pulled muscle of muscular strain of I° - II° - III°, muscular injury; Chronic post traumatic: liquid stratum, post traumatic...